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How Reliable is Clinical Evaluation in Hindfoot Coronal Alignment?

17 de junio de 2017

AOFAS Annual Meeting 2016 .

How Reliable is Clinical Evaluation in Hindfoot Coronal Alignment?
Gaston Slullitel, MD, Victoria Alvarez, MD, Valeria López, MD, Juan P. Calvi, MD, Ana B. Calvo, MD

Category: Hindfoot

Keywords: hindfoot; long view; alignment; Saltzman view

Introduction/Purpose: Hindfoot alignment in the coronal plane is an extremely important aspect to consider in order to make
a comprehensive evaluation of different foot and ankle disorders.
To the authors knowledge the evidence concerning the precision of clinical hindfoot alignment assessment is scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate correlation and reproducibility between clinical and radiographical hindfoot alignment. 

Methods: Intra and interobserver reliability of clinical and radiographical hindfoot assessment was performed in 85 patients.
Clinical alignment was evaluated on photographs taken at the time of presentation and hindfoot alignment was quantified on long
axial view radiographs in neutral rotation position.
Photographs were classified into three categories (valgus, neutral and varus) and radiographs were measured taking standardized
parameters. Each observer made measurements independently and was blinded to both patient identification and the others’
measurements. All measurements were made on two separate occasions with the order of images randomized.

Results: We did not observe a significant correlation between clinical and radiographical assessment (k1a 0,072 - p=0,24; k1b
0,167 - p=0,029; k2a 0,23 - p< 0,001; k2b 0,137 - p=0,021).
We did find a good clinical and radiographical intraobserver agreement (K1= 0,789; K2=0,783; Pearson1= 0,956; Pearson2= 0,990).  Clinical interobserver agreement was moderate (K1= 0,584; K2=0,566) while radiographical interobserver agreement was statical significant (Pearson1= 0,926; Pearson2= 0,953).

Conclusion: Due to a poor clinical-radiographical correlation we should not rely on clinical evaluation to guide the decision making in different foot and ankle conditions. We strongly recommend the use of the long axial view in order to assess the magnitude of the hindfoot deformity.


Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics, 1(1)
DOI: 10.1177/ 2473011416S00198


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